Board Member Code of Ethics

Formerly Article V of the ANA Bylaws; revised March 1996.


Section 1.


All Board Members (including those who have been awarded a bourse table at an ANA convention) shall receive reimbursement for all travel, meals and necessary incidental expenses incurred in attending an ANA convention and shall attend all Association Board meetings and other functions during such convention.            


Section 2.


A Board Member will not be eligible to receive during his/her term of office any award given to him/her by a vote of the ANA Board of Governors.


Section 3.


A Board member may file a written complaint against another ANA member, but may not orally argue in support of his/her complaint at any Board meeting in the absence of the party against whom the complaint is filed. He/she may supplement such written complaint by written statements and other evidential matters, provided that copies thereof are furnished to the other party prior to taking any disciplinary action. A Board member may orally answer questions of other Board members regarding such complaint. A Board member may not vote at a meeting of the Mediation Committee or at a meeting of the Board with respect to any complaint made by him/her or against him/her.              


Section 4.


A Board member may not vote at a Board meeting in behalf of any proposal in which he/she has a financial interest or which involves a financial ­interest of any company or firm with which he/she is associated as an owner, director, employee or representative; but, such Board member should provide the other Board members with pertinent information regarding such proposal and financial interest. A Board member's ownership of less than five percent (5%) of the corporate stock of any company or his/her financial interest that may be remotely but not directly enhanced by a vote in behalf of the proposal before the Board (for example, the awarding of a numismatic auction to a firm to which a Board member has consigned coins) will not be deemed to be an ownership or financial interest sufficient to disqualify a Board member from voting. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a Board member should be encouraged to bring to the attention of the Executive Director or the Board any proposal that such Board mem­ber considers to be for the benefit of the Association, notwithstanding the fact that the foregoing provisions preclude him/her from voting with respect thereto.


Section 5.


An elected or appointed official of the Association (and also any member of the Association) shall not purport to testify as a representative of the Association in any court or administrative proceedings, except with the approval thereof by the Executive Director, General Counsel or the Board of the Association or except in response to a subpoena or court order requiring him/her to testify as a representative of the Association. No such official may approve his/her right to testify in the Association's behalf. In the event that an official of the Association testifies solely in his/her own behalf in any court or administrative proceedings involving a criminal prosecution or a civil action involving fraud or other unethical conduct and in the event that his/her office or offices in the Association are known to those participating in such proceedings or are disclosed in such proceedings by way of establishing credentials or otherwise, such official will disclose at such proceedings that he/she is testifying only in his/her own behalf and not as a representative of the Association, and will refrain from using language that would indicate or infer that his/her testimony reflects the views of the Association or its members. As every person is presumed innocent until proven guilty, an Association official may testify in his/her own behalf as a witness for an accused party. An Association official may not commit perjury or condone conduct that is obviously illegal or unethical. In the event that a person is convicted of a criminal offense, an Association official may make a recommendation to a court or other tribunal regarding the severity or leniency of a sentence by reason of such person's character or for any other legitimate reason. However, unless authorized to do so by the Association as hereinbefore provided, such official shall, under no circumstances, use Association stationery for that purpose; sign any letter, document or paper for that purpose as an official of the Association; or in any way ­indicate or imply that his/her ­recommendation or views represent those of the Association. An Association official who is a practicing attorney may represent an accused party in a criminal proceeding or a party who is accused of fraud or other unethical conduct in a civil proceeding.


Section 6.


A Board member shall make no reference to his/her office in the Association in any commercial advertising unless such reference is approved by the President, Executive Director or the Board for use in an advertisement that promotes only the Association or an Association project.


Section 7.


A Board member shall serve all members of the Association impartially and provide no special privilege to any individual member on the basis of friendship or such Board member's business, family or personal relationship with such individual member or by reason of any unlawful discrimination.


Section 8.


Each Board member shall keep confidential all information entrusted or known to him/her by virtue of his/her office to the extent that such information, by its very nature, is confidential or proprietary or is labeled or designated as such (including, but not by way of limitation, information relating to activities and contractual matters conducted for the purpose of raising funds required for ANA to conduct its tax-exempt educational activities).


Section 9.


A Board member shall not engage in activities for personal gain at the expense of the Association, nor use "insider" information gained as a result of his/her office to promote his/her private interests.


Section 10.


A Board member or candidate for election to the Board may not accept any gift(s) of money in any amount or any gift(s) of any other item(s) having an aggregate value in excess of $100 in any calendar year from any person or company which does business or which is reasonably expected to do business with the Association pursuant to a written contract requiring the approval of the ANA Board during the term for which such Board candidate has been or seeks to be elected; provided, however, that a Board member may accept any gift that is available to the general public (such as the acceptance of a free, frequent flier airline ticket) or a gift that is of direct or indirect benefit to the Association (such as a complimentary hotel room, meals or travel expense reimbursement that would otherwise be paid for by the Association). In the event that a Board member has received a gift in violation of the foregoing from a contributor to whom the awarding of a contract is to be voted upon during said Board member's term of office, such Board member will disclose that fact to the Board and shall abstain from voting thereon in the event that such Board member's vote is required in order to award the contract to such contributor. The term "gift" shall be deemed to include a campaign contribution. The prohibition against a Board member accepting a gift or contribution from any company shall be equally applicable to a gift or contribution from any officer or partner of that company or any person having more than a five-percent (5%) interest in the profits in that company. A person's donation of time in conducting or participating in a campaign on behalf of a Board candidate should not be deemed to be a gift under the preceding provisions.


Section 11.


A Board member shall not make any promises or commitments on behalf of the Association unless authorized to do so by a majority vote of the Board or as otherwise provided by the Bylaws.


Section 12.


A Board member shall report any knowledge of waste, fraud, corruption or impropriety relating to the Association to all other Board members immediately upon learning thereof.


Section 13.


A Board member shall maintain the highest standard of personal conduct; promote and encourage the highest level of ethics within the numismatic profession; and maintain loyalty to the Association.


Section 14.


A Board member may enter into a contract to furnish services, goods or other items to the Association and ­receive ­payment therefor upon the following conditions:


(a) Competitive bids should be solicited when warranted by the nature of the contract. For example, competitive bids would be appropriate in awarding an auction contract or a video project contract but would not be appropriate for an agreement with a Board member to write a column for The Numismatist. Competitive bids should not be solicited for any contract with a person who has unique qualifications, not possessed by other readily available parties, for the proper performance of the contract. The ANA's selection of a contracting party will be evaluated on the basis of the contract price, such party's ability and experience to produce the quality of service, goods or other items required by the Association and the time of performance. A contractor's numismatic knowledge will be taken into consideration only when it is an important factor for the perform­ance of the contract.


(b) A contract will be awarded to a Board member in preference to a non-Board member only in instances when the performance of the contract by the Board member will be more advantageous to the Association.


(c) Membership on the ANA Board shall have no significance in awarding or declining to award a contract to any party, provided, however, that the Executive Director or other Association representative who awards a contract to an ANA Board member must be able to justify such award as being in the best interests of the ANA.


(d) A Board member may not vote or otherwise act in the ANA's behalf in awarding a contract to himself/herself.


(e) Any contract whereby a Board member shall receive a consideration having a value in excess of $5,000 must be approved by a ­majority vote of the ANA Board of Governors.


(f) A contract with a corporation, partnership or firm in which a Board member has more than a five-percent (5%) interest or of which a Board member is an officer, employee or agent shall be subject to the provisions of the preceding subdivisions (a) through (e) hereof, to the same extent as if said contract has been made directly with said Board member.


Section 15.


Any violation of the provisions of the preceding Sections 1 through 14 will be grounds for expulsion or suspension from membership in the Association or other disciplinary action to be imposed by a majority vote of the Board. Such vote will be taken on the basis of a complaint made by any Board member, officer, employee or member of the Association. The accused Board member shall be notified in writing of the charge against him/her and of the date set for the Board's consideration thereof by registered or certified mail directed to him/her at the address last furnished to the Association. Said notice shall set forth a hearing date that shall be not less than 20 days after receipt of said ­notification by said accused Board member. Said charge shall not be referred to the Mediation Committee.