31 May 2023

Duncan Nathaniel Ingraham – Rescue of Martin Koszta

Medals | World_Coin_Nut

Over the last several years more and more of my collecting budget is being used on historical medals from both the United States and around the world. Many of these purchases would be considered impulse buys with little or no research done prior to the transaction. I see it, tell myself, that is both neat and it is within my budget, so let’s get it. Keep in mind that there is no “Red Book” for medals. There isn’t even anything equivalent to the Krause world coin catalogs. I use my gut to guide me on many of these purchases. I have had a few hiccups along the way but haven’t ever really been burned.One recent purchase is the subject of this article. The “Rescue of Martin Koszta” medal is an impressive 105mm bronze medal. The imagery is very appealing to me. Medalists have a lot more freedom to create beautiful works of art than do the artists that create our circulating coinage.First, let’s talk about the medal and events that led up to its creation.Duncan Ingraham(picture #2) was born in Charleston, South Carolina, on December 6th, 1802. His father was a friend of John Paul Jones and was in the action with the British brig Serapis, and his uncle, Captain Joseph Ingraham, was lost at sea in the United States ship Pickering. Duncan Nathaniel entered the United States navy as a midshipman in June 1812, and became lieutenant, April 1818; commander, May 1838; and captain, September 1855. While commanding the sloop-of-war St. Louis (picture #4), in the Mediterranean he interfered at Smyrna, in July 1853, with the Austrian consul's detention of Martin Koszta. Koszta had resided nearly two years in the United States and declared his intention of becoming an American citizen. He had come to Smyrna, in Greece, from New York on business intending soon to return, but on June 21st, 1853, he was seized by a party of armed Greeks that were employed by the Austrian consul-general and confined on board the Hussar. After learning the facts from the prisoner Captain Ingraham addressed a letter on this subject to John P. Brown, the charge d'affaires of the United States in Constantinople, who gave the official opinion that the surrender of Koszta should be demanded. On July 2nd, at 8 a.m., Captain Ingraham claimed of the Austrian commander the release of Koszta by 4 p. m. declaring that he would otherwise take him by force. At the same time the decks of the St Louis were cleared for action, and all was made ready for an attack on the Hussar, which was much her superior in size and armament. At 11 A. M. the Austrian consul-general proposed to deliver Koszta to the French consul and be held by him subject to the disposition of the United States and Austrian consuls. This was accepted by Captain Ingraham as giving sufficient assurance of the personal safety of the Hungarian. Koszta was soon released and returned to the United States. This affair gave rise to an elaborate discussion in Washington between Secretary William L. Marcy and M. Hulsemann. The conduct of Captain Ingraham was fully approved by the United States government and on August 4th, 1854, congress, by joint resolution, requested the president to present him with a medal. In March 1856 he was appointed chief of the bureau of ordnance and hydrography of the navy department. When the civil war began, in 1861, he was in command of the flagship Richmond in the Mediterranean. He resigned his commission and entered the Confederate naval service. He served as chief of ordnance, construction, and repair, and in which he rose to the rank of commodore. He served in every war since the Revolution and is said to be the only survivor of those that entered the navy in 1812.Description:"1854" (1855) Commander Duncan Ingraham / Rescue of Martin Koszta Medal. Original Large Size. By James Barton Longacre and Peter Cross(obverse). Draftsman Seth Eastman. Julian NA-26. Bronze. 105 mm. These were also struck in a much more commonly available 3” size.Bronze struck medallion with obverse showing the American and Austrian ships at anchor in the harbor of Smyrna, Turkey; inscription in center exergue: "SMYRNA./AMERICAN AUSTRIAN/SLOOP OF WAR BRIG OF WAR/ST LOUIS, HUSSAR." Reverse bears inscription surrounded by wreath of laurel and oak branches with eagle and stars below: "PRESENTED/BY THE/PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES/TO/COMMANDER DUNCAN N. INGRAHAM/AS A TESTIMONIAL OF THE HIGH SENSE/ENTERTAINED BY CONGRESS/OF HIS GALLANT AND JUDICIOUS CONDUCT/ON THE 2d OF JULY 1853./JOINT RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS AUGUST 4th 1854."This seems like a relatively minor event to result in the production of a congressional gold medal. Captain Duncan stood his ground against a much more heavily armed opponent and got them to back down. I’m not trying to get political, but can you imagine something like this happening in modern times? The United States threatened military action to recover someone that wasn’t a US citizen.A little background information: Martin Koszta, a man of Hungarian birth, had taken part in the political movement of 1848-49 to separate Hungary from the Austrian Empire. He fled to Turkey, then emigrated to the United States. In July 1852, he made a declaration under oath of his intention to become a citizen of the United States and, at the same time, renounced all allegiance to any foreign power.The so called Koszta Affair in 1853 was the name applied to a diplomatic episode between the United States and the Austrian Empire involving the rights in foreign countries of new Americans who were not yet fully naturalized.It sounds like Koszta had earned some political power and probably had some high-ranking friends in D.C. Whether it was justified or not is not up to me irrelevant to this article.The names that signed the medal caught my attention as much as the subject matter. Longacre and Cross are familiar to me, but Eastman was a new name for me to see on a medal. The fact that Eastman was described as the “draftsman” I thought was odd as well.James B. Longacrewas chief engraver for the U. S. Mint from 1844 until his death in 1869. Best known for creating the flying eagle and Indian head cents.Peter Filatreu Crosswas an assistant engraver to James B. Longacre at the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Cross was born in New York City to William Cross and Hannah Woods Cross. Despite Mint records stating that he died in 1856, he appears in the 1860 U.S. Census in Philadelphia. He married Harriet Chapin and had one child; a daughter named Maria.He is best known for his work on the reverse of the 1849 1-dollar gold coin. The value of gold required the coin to be so small that too many people were losing them, so it had to be redesigned. He also designed medals of the period, including this medal.Cross died on October 13th, 1862, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and is buried at Lawnview Cemetery in Rockledge, Pennsylvania.Seth Eastman(picture #3) was an artist and West Point graduate who served in the US Army, first as a mapmaker and illustrator. He had two tours at Fort Snelling, Minnesota Territory. During the second tour he was commanding officer of the fort. In 1870 Congress commissioned Eastman to create a series of 17 paintings of important U.S. forts, to be hung in the meeting rooms of the House Committee on Military Affairs. He completed the paintings in 1875. Eight still hang in the Senate Wing.The most significant commission of Eastman’s artistic career was a project sponsored by the United States government to illustrate the text to Historical and Statistical Information Respecting the History, Condition and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States. The six-volume publication took Eastman five years to illustrate and affirmed his status as a historian of the American Indian. As John Francis McDermott wrote, “he became the most effective pictorial historian of the Indian in the nineteenth century.”Longacre and Cross engraved the dies based on Eastman’s design. That’s 3 significant names from our history. Unfortunately, I wasn’t familiar with Mr. Eastman prior to finding this medal. His work is readily available for viewing by doing a quick Google search.Any comments are welcome and appreciated.

31 May 2023

Why I Write Blogs.

Coins | Mike

I hope everyone is doing well. I'm writing this blog because I'm upset. The lack of blogs. I will tell you when it started ago. A while ago. I joined to learn. Yes I'm old going to be 70. And I still learn everyday. Sometimes I see something I never saw before and I ask for a bibliography never the less I got no answer. I really thought I would get an answer. I read and comment on 99/44% of blogs. Some are coins we all know. Its the ones were people take there time and put up nice coins,rare coins,error coins. Research history. I have learned more on this site about just everything about coins. But we will never know everything That's why when I sign on everyday I hope for a good blog. Something you can put your teeth into but those days are gone . I know things happen in life but this drought is terrible. I feel empty when I sign on. I still have the drive to write and thank everyone who comments on my blogs. Blogs we learn from.If you read them or write them. I will not give up on the ANA and this site. I have wrote blogs like this before but were back to the old ways again and the blogs are gone. I understand why to a point. When we did away with the points I think we said one a week or one every 10 days. With the members we had it worked. Now there gone. But some people think this site is a joke. Its not. Its serious. I write to assist people and share my knowledge in this hobby. I comment also. I like to study and read blogs. A real blog. But there is nothing to read. I try very hard. But the time between the blogs from the old days are gone. It makes me feel very sad. I say I'm not writing as much but about once a week. But my passion for this hobby won't let me stop. My hands hurt so bad. I have lost blogs but I try again and hope it stays up. Because I think its important. I have nothing else to say. I for the first time am lost for words. I won't speak of reasons. Those of you I keep in touch we know. My health and other things. But this site means allot to me. The good blogs, the kids blogs I enjoy them all. Lets get back to making this site enjoyable. Educate us. Show a few pictures. I miss those who left but I understand. The fact that we are still friends brings me hope. God bless you all and the ANA..

31 May 2023

Interesting Liberian ten Dollar Coin

| user_27469

Interesting obverse on this $10 dollar silver liberian coin. Looks like the morgan dollar.https://www.greatcollections.com/Coin/1373617/Liberia-2000-Silver-10-Millenium-PCGS-Proof-69

30 May 2023

Increasing difficulty of Old Silver in Change

| user_27469

Has anyone found any silver in pocket change recently? I've noticed a drop-off in the number of old coins (silver, wheaties) that I have been able to find. Any suggestions on where to look?

30 May 2023

1930 China 20 Custom Gold Units Banknote

Paper Money-World | AC Coin$🌎

China was Nationally awakening withing the first four decades of the past twentieth century. Its first acclaimed President, as an official Republic, was Sun Yat-Sen. His likeness is portrayed in the twenty "custom gold units" banknote's obverse shown here. He ran the country from 1919 to 1925. The image centered on the bill's reverse is the Central Bank of China at Shanghai. This type of note was originally issued to cover customs charges and rights at the main ports, however its circulation became generalized from 1930 well into 1948. The name of this currency was kept as custom gold units or CGUs. It is considered by enthusiasts and many collectors as a sought historical document. Its main attraction is the vertical orientation like most printed materials from China within those years and earlier times.

29 May 2023

2017-S Ozark NP ATB Missouri Quarter

Coins-United States | AC Coin$🌎

AC's Sec.#56ATB Quarter Ozark NP, Missouri.PCGS Graded PR69DCAMOn August 27, 1964 an area comprised in extension of more than four Missouri counties was established to protect its riverways. The Ozarks were dedicated as a National Forest and Park in 1971. It encloses an incredibly beautiful landmark and natural haven. In 2017, the UnitedStates Treasury authorized the minting of an image for Alley Mill depicting its view on a quarter as part of the America The Beautiful Quarter Program. This great certified sample shown here was struck by the San Francisco Mint in proof quality and finish. The quarter's reverse was designed by Ronald D. Sanders and sculpted by Renata Gordon. The obverse brought a refreshed image of the Nation's First President George Washington's profile from an original Flanagan's version. Only the San Francisco Mint was authorized to produce collectors' versions of this beautiful United States quarter.

29 May 2023

Im Upset. I decided to Write My Memorial day Blog And It I lost It

Numismatic Artistry | Mike

I must apologize to all of you. I had written my Memorial Day Blog and again when I went to save it it was lost. My hands will not allow me to write it again. But I will say this. You can say this in a few words Don't forget our Heroes. This is another day we remember them who gave there lives. .....I ask that before you have your barbeques to have a moment of silence for these brave men. They didn't know us and we didn't know them.But they fought and died for us. So the least we can do is take that moment and remember them.


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