coins are history's Blog

16 Aug 2020

Colonial coins of america. Part 2.

| coins are history

The year is 1659. The second Lord Baltimore, Cecil Calvert orders coinage for his colony to be struck in England. This is do to the much agricultural success and the drought of money in the colony. The four pence or groat, the six pence and the shilling or twelve pence piece were made for circulation. The penny or Denarium piece however would not go past the pattern stage. The obverse on all circulation issues as well as the circulation issue reads "CAECILIVS : DNS: TERRAE - MARIAE : & CT." (The "T" at the end is only on the shilling.) This translates in English to "Cecil, Lord of Maryland etc." The obverse also shows a picture of Cecil Calvert as well as the cross which is on the reverse and obverse and stands for Catholicism. The reverse bears the wording "CRESCITE : ET : MVLTIPLICAMINI" which translates to "Increased and be Multiplied." The reverse shows the Lord Baltimore "Coat of Arms" as well as the denomination in pence of ever IV for four, VI for six or XII for twelve. The Denarium pattern piece bears the words "DENARIVM : TERRAE - MARIAE" or "Denarium of Maryland." The Denarium is a very scarce piece have sold for 241,500 US dollars in About Uncirculated condition in May of 2004. The groat has an unique pattern of which Calvert's head is significantly smaller. All in all, though beautiful pieces these coins are very hard to find in nicer conditions without paying a large some of money.

The St. Patrick coinage as it was known in Ireland or the Mark Newby coinage which was how it ws known in New Jersey, were a lot of copper coins brought over by a Mr. Mark Newby sometime between 1663 and 1672. Over a fairly short period of time Mr. Newby became a big influence in the Colony of New Jersey and in My 1682 his coins became legal tender for the colony. He brought over farthings which were equel to one fourth of a penny as well as halfpennies. The obverse of these coins have a picture of the legendary King David of Israel with a harp at hand. He wears a crown on his head. There is also the wording "FLOREAT REX" which translates to "May The the King Prosper." There is a larger crown as well seperating the words "Floreat" and "Rex." The two reverses are different. The farthing has a picture of St. Patrick and of scene of him defeating a dragon as well as a serpent. The wording saying "QUIESCAT PLEBS" or "My the People be at Ease." On the halfpenny, the reverse shows him talking to a large group of people. He has a shield at his side. On top of the reverse of this coins there are the word "ECCE GREX" or "Behold the Flock." There are four main varieties for the farthing. The first we will discuss is the "Halo Head" were St. Patrick's head has no detail whatsoever. The second variety is lso on the reverse were the letter "C" is missing from the word "Quiescat." The two remaining varieties are of gold and silver respectfully the silver piece numismatists suspect might have been used as a shilling. The gold piece is unique and probably did not get pass the pattern stage of the coinage. In January 2005, the gold example sold at auction for 184,000 US dollars in About Uncirculated condition. Next time we will discuss New Yorke and American Plantation tokens.

Pcgs. (2020, August 14). PCGS. Retrieved from https://www.pcgs.com/

Yeoman, R. S., et al. A Guide Book of United States Coins Mega Red. Whitman Publishing, LLC, 2019.

"Lord Baltimore Coinage: Introduction."Coins.Nd.Edu, coins.nd.edu/ColCoin/ColCoinIntros/Baltimore.intro.html. Accessed 16 Aug. 2020.



Level 6

Nice blog. Lots of history. Your blog even got me to look these coins up in my red Book. Great research job. Thanks.

Thank you for reading Longstrider!


Level 5

Don't have anything dated in the 1600's. Very interesting post thanks for the history lesson.

Thank you for reading Golfer!


Level 6

Great Job illuminating an interesting period in our numismatic history. Thanks for your research, looking forward to future segments.

Thank you. I will hopefully be coming out with parts 3 and 4 this week.

Thanks I. R. Bama


Level 7

I'm a fan of the Woods Hibernia. Designed by William Wood it was meant to help Ireland. However Mr. Wood forgot the Irish were not fans of George the III. So off it went to the U.S. In two years it will be the 300 anniversity. I like it because I have one! Thanks for the blog

Hibernias are nice. It's great that some of these coins are still around for us to look at today.

Thank you you for reading Mike B. That's really cool that you have that piece.

I. R. Bama

Level 5

Very informative and you taught me something new today, thanks! Well researched too...

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