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13 Jun 2022

The Booker T. Washington Commemorative Half-Dollar

Young Numismatists Exchange | Sea turtle coin collector

The Booker T. Washington Commemorative Half-Dollar.

The Booker T. Washington commemorative half dollar is the first U.S. coin with the designer being a black person and also the first with a black person featured on the coin. The Booker T. Washington commemorative coin was minted from 1946 -1951. It is 90% silver and 10% copper. Its weight is 12.50 grams. It was minted at the Denver and San Francisco mints.


Booker T. Washington

Booker T. Washington was born in 1856. When Booker was young, he had to wear a flax shirt and when it was new the fabric felt like pin points in contact with his skin, but his older brother John was nice and he would wear it until it was broken in. When Booker was freed from slavery, he went to work in a salt furnace. While he was at the salt furnace, a school was opened, and he was not able to go at first, but then his dad let him come to work in the early morning and go to school in the late morning and early afternoon. He was not able to go to school for very long before he had to go to work in a coal mine. One day in the coal mine he heard about Hampton Normal and Agriculture Institute in Virginia. That day he decided he wanted to go there, but he needed to save money so he could go and that took a while. When he was at Hampton Normal and Agriculture Institute, he met General Samuel Chapman Armstrong, the founder of Hampton Normal and Agriculture Institute. Booker also was the janitor so he could stay at the institute. When he left the institute, he worked at a school so that other people could get an education, when he found out that other people wanted to go to school but needed to work during the day, he taught at a night school. One day General Armstrong said that he received a letter from a man in Tuskegee, Alabama asking for Armstrong to recommended someone to have charge of a normal school in Tuskegee. General Armstrong thought that Booker T. Washington would do a good job so he sent a letter back saying that he did not know of any white men, but he knew one he could recommend a black man, named Booker T. Washington. They said send him at once. When Booker got there, he was surprised to learn that there was not a building for the school to be in. On July 4,1881, when he was 25, he founded Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (now Tuskegee University). The school was not much at first, just a little shanty and a church. The day of the opening was a day the people were looking forward to. The first students that came were fond of memorizing long complicated “rules “in grammar and math and were not able to apply those rules in their life. While the school was young, one of the most trying experiences was in brickmaking. There were three different times that they tried making a kiln and it failed. One the times the bricks were almost done and it caved in. But brickmaking became an important industry at the school. Booker also taught the students how to make their own bedsteads, and in the morning, there would be at least two that had collapsed, but they continued to try. Booker T. Washington died on November 14, 1915 when he was 59. Booker T. Washington is famous for founding Tuskegee University.

Isaac Scott Hathaway the designer of the coin

Isaac Scott Hathaway was born in 1872. When he was nine, he went to a museum with his father where he was viewing busts of famous Americans. He asked if there was one with Fredrick Douglass, his hero. He was told there were “No black sculptors to model busts of famous black people”. He decided that he would do that and put them where people would see them.

Comments

Mike

Level 7

Sorry I missed this . I have the coin and the history and research you did I enjoyed. Thanks for sharing! Mike

Kepi

Level 6

Great information. Very textbook... Thanks! ; )

AC coin$

Level 6

Great history , nice coin .

Longstrider

Level 6

A lot of history here. How about a bibliography so we can do more research. Nicely done. Thanks.

I got most of the information about Booker T. Washington from Booker T. Washington's book "Up From Slavery". The information on the coin was from the US Mints website and the information on Isaac Scott Hathaway was from a FUN topics magazine. I hope you learn lots.

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