I've been doing some research and basiacally I have created this to some up the wheat penny;
In 1909, the Indian Head American penny was discontinued in favor of the Lincoln penny, which commemorated the 100th birthday of President Abraham Lincoln. President Roosevelt considered Lincoln the savior of the Union, the greatest Republican President, and also he considered himself Lincoln's political heir. He hired designer, Victor David Brenner who was a Lithuanian immigrant and a friend of Roosevelt, who knew him as a skilled engraver and designer. Brenner paid the martyred president a lasting tribute, in the form of a sympathetic obverse portrait of Abraham Lincoln. The Lincoln Penny became commonly known as the â€śWheat Pennyâ€ť because the reverse featured two stalks of wheat. The Wheat Cent design was minted until 1958 when the reverse was changed to feature the Memorial design. The Lincoln penny is now the longest-running design in the United States Mint history. Abraham Lincoln was the first historical figure to be featured on a U.S. coin when he was portrayed on the one-cent coin to commemorate his 100th birthday. The Lincoln penny was also the first U.S. cent to include the words "In God We Trust."
Brennerâ€™s obverse design featured a portrait of Lincoln facing right, and the motto â€śIN GOD WE TRUSTâ€ť, for the first time on the cent. On the left was the word â€śLIBERTYâ€ť, with the date on the right. The reverse design showed two sheaves of wheat, one on either side, framing the inscriptions â€śONE CENT, E PLURIBUS UNUMâ€ť (which means â€śone out of manyâ€ť) and â€śUNITED STATES OF AMERICA.â€ť
The first Lincoln pennies displayed the initials of the artist, â€śVDBâ€ť at the base of the reverse side. The 1909 VDB penny made its debut on August 2, 1909. On that day boys entrepreneurs with pockets full of shiny new pennies, became street corner coin dealers.
They offered three shiny new Lincoln pennies for a five cent nickel. However, there were massive public outcries that the â€śVDBâ€ť initials was a tasteless self-advertisement, which prompted the U.S. Mint to quickly remove the designerâ€™s initials. Mint Production was stopped with only 484,000 coins struck at the San Francisco mint. As a result, the Lincoln S-VDB penny is one of the rarest and most coveted coin in the Wheat penny series.
The Lincoln cent was an instant success from the day it was released. People lined up for city blocks just to get a couple examples from their local banks. In fact, Lincoln pennies were already selling for more than face value in the weeks immediately after their release, and there simply werenâ€™t enough available from banks and the U.S. Mint to satisfy the demand!
MOST OF THIS WAS COMPOSED ON MY OWN WITHOUT ANY REFERENCE
but here are a few of the sites that i used for the statsics;