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World_Coin_Nut's Blog

11 Jun 2019

Treaty of Versailles Medal

Medals | World_Coin_Nut

The Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on June 28th, 1919 in Versailles, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which had directly led to the war. The other Central Powers on the German side signed separate treaties. Although the armistice, signed on November 11th, 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of Allied negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations on October 21st, 1919.
Of the many provisions in the treaty, one of the most important and controversial required "Germany to accept the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage" during the war. The treaty required Germany to disarm, make ample territorial concessions, and pay reparations to certain countries that had formed the Entente powers. In 1921 the total cost of these reparations was assessed at 132 billion marks. At the time economists, predicted that the treaty was too harsh and said the reparations figure was excessive and counter-productive, views that, since then, have been the subject of ongoing debate by historians and economists. On the other hand, prominent figures on the Allied side criticized the treaty for treating Germany too leniently.
The result of these competing and sometimes conflicting goals among the victors was a compromise that left no one satisfied, and, in particular, Germany was neither pacified nor conciliated, nor was it permanently weakened.
Although it is often referred to as the "Versailles Conference", only the actual signing of the treaty took place at the historic palace. Most of the negotiations were in Paris, with the "Big Four" meetings taking place generally at the Quai d'Orsay.
The below medal is one that I recently picked up. It was issued in Japan and honored the 5 ally powers. The description for the auction lot is below.
JAPAN: Taisho, 1912-1926, AE medal, year 8 (1919), 55mm, 79g, Commemorating the Treaty of Versailles ending World War I, Allegorical representation of Peace standing right, in oriental attire and with drapery billowing around, holding laurel branch; doves at feet and flying above; in background to right, gate and façade of Versailles Palace // Flags of the five allies of WWI: Great Britain, United States, Japan, Kingdom of Italy, and France; all within wreath comprised of oak branch and palm frond, nice dark brown surfaces, plain edge, a beautifully designed medal, EF.
The bronze issues of these medals were reportedly produced in quantity, though they seem to be infrequently offered in auctions.
Sources: Wikipedia and my head.

Comments

Great history lesson!

coinsbygary

Level 5

This historically significant medal is really cool! As you know I love the allegory represented by the obverse image.

PastorK7354

Level 4

Thank you for sharing. Blessings!

Longstrider

Level 6

Very informative blog. I agree with Just Mokie. The fact that Japan issued this medal is very interesting. You'r blog taught me a lot about this era. beautifully done medal. Thanks.

great medal and information

Mokie

Level 6

That is an absolutely beautiful medal, and the fact it was issued by the Japanese, an ally of the United States, Great Britain, and France during WWI makes it a fascinating view into world politics. As most of you are aware, the Japanese also felt rather slighted after WW1 and that, along with other more important factors lead to the tragedy of WWII. Thank You for sharing this beautiful medal, I appreciate your research.

Mike

Level 7

Great coin better blog. I like this coin allot. You always do a great job. That's some history to this coin. Congratulations on this wonderful coin . It's in great condition. That was such a terrible war.. The only thing that was good about it was the Christmas Day Truce. Both sides were singing Silent Night. Came out of there bunkers they played soccer exchanges family pictures and when it was over they went back to fighting. Enjoy it very much. I did.

"SUN"

Level 5

Enjoyed your blog. Nice history lesson.

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