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Long Beard's Blog

22 Feb 2020

American Renaissance

Coins-United States | Long Beard

The Saint-Gaudens Double Eagle has quite arguably been the most beautiful design of all United States coinage.To fully appreciate the exquisite beauty, it's simplicity to convey what we as a nation represent upon the world,I presenta reflection of the man behind this timeless coin. Enjoy!


Augustus Saint-Gaudens was born March 1, 1848 in Dublin Ireland,of French-Irish decent, and immigrated to the United States with his parents around six-months of age. As a teenager he apprenticed with a jeweler carving cameos of stone, crystal and gem while attending the Copper Union and National Academy of Design in New York City. Both of which still operate to this day. These pieces of jewelry, his first creations as an acclaimed future sculptor, are highly collectible and prizedin their own right.

At the time, American art and design was of a Neoclassicaltheme. While beautiful to behold, it lacked life and movement which conflicted with his visions of what art should be. With most artists travelling to Italy to further their education and studies, Augustus left New York forParis in 1867. There, he apprenticed with renowned French sculpture, Francois Jouffroy untilunrest from the decades long Anglo-French Wars forced him to travel to Rome Italy in 1870. Furthering his studies and works, he methis future wifeAugusta Fisher Homer, a deaf American Artist, before returning to New York in 1874 where the two would wedon June 1, 1877.

Once again, althoughmuch more educated, he began collaborating with other well-known artists of the time. One of his firstsolo commissions came from prominent New York reformer Edward Pierrepont who requested a bust of himself with a larger than life head. Which Augustus had done but regretted, later on proclaiming that he'd like to get it back andsmash it to pieces. His first realwork as a sculptor in the United States came in 1876 winning a commission for theAdmiral David Farragut Memorial now in Madison SquareGarden.Yet again, travelling to Paris where more skilled artist were availableto assist on the sculpture at 49 Notre Dame des Champs, Paris.

Now a nationally known American Sculptor, with many other worksto hisresume includingthe famous high relief Robert Shaw Memorial in Boston,little hadhe known that his namesake would soonspandecades and beyond.

The medal pictured is that of President Theodore Roosevelt's 1905Inauguration created by Saint-Gaudens at the President's request and struck by Tiffany andCompany of New York, not the United States Mint as was common. Two were struck in gold, 74mm, and the remainder in bronze. As I am still further researching the subject, I believe this to be the first sculpture created by Augustus Saint-Gaudens in coin format. What ever the case may be, the reverse should be familiar as it is that of theIndian Head Ten Dollar gold. Also of importance for the medal, Saint-Gaudens was designer and sculptor while Adolph Weinman engraved it. Now that's a collaboration!

While I could have expanded tremendously on this fascination individual,simply put- space constrints. What I will add,which is highly unknown in the collector community, is that during that 1905 dinner between the two men discussing a coinage redesign, they discussed a changeto the One Cent as well. One can only imagine the possibilities if that had come to fruition instead of the Lincoln design.None the less I hope that this blog insipired you to further examine this or any subject behind the coins you collect. Thanks so much for reading!


Updated 2/25- One of several obverse designs, this one done in 1907 which I like quite a bit.

Comments

user_7180

Level 5

Instead of Augustus Saint-Gaudens artwork and designs we ended up with Charles Barber totally the opposite of art and design.

Long Beard

Level 5

Thanks all. I read a lot but don't know a lot. :)

Mike

Level 7

I would like to add in all the blogs I have read on this great man I never have seen were he was born . Well for the record he was born in Dublin Ireland.

World_Coin_Nut

Level 5

A true master of his craft. He ranks up there with the greats from around the globe.

We need to forever thank Theodore Roosevelt for his good numismatic eye and employing the talents of Mr. Saint Gaudens.

coinsbygary

Level 5

Augustus St Gaudens became an instructor at the Art Students League in New York. Both of the Frasers were influenced by Augustus St Gaudens as were many other medalists and artists of that day, The Art Students League was indeed the epicenter of medallic design in America. You can say that the legacy of St Gaudens lived on in the art of his students. The school is still in existence today. The following is a link to the history of the school. You will notice St Gaudens in the background picture of the webpage header. https://www.theartstudentsleague.org/history-art-students-league-new-york/

"SUN"

Level 5

Enjoyed reading the blog. Nice looking medal

Longstrider

Level 6

I enjoyed reading your blog very much. I love that "bad" eagle. You did a nice job of keeping this a good length. Must have taken some time to chop it down. Thanks, I learned from you today.

Golfer

Level 5

Enjoyed reading the history of this man. I have always admired people who are artists of any kind. The work of an artist lives on forever in many cases. I will need to look for a book on him. Thanks for the blog.

Mike

Level 7

I read the book on himself . It was great. The work he did the medals he made and the awards he won were to many to count. I enjoyed this blog on this great man. The history the research made It easy reading. I will come back and read it again. Thanks. Keep them coming.

Mokie

Level 6

I have always wondered what beautiful designs we would have seen if Augustus had lived to a much riper old age. He was charged with upgrading all the U.S. Coins after all. A great book on the subject is Striking Change by Michael Moran, well worth a read by any fan of Augustus Saint-Gaudens.

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