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user_8029's Blog

28 Aug 2015

Discontinued Mints

Young Numismatists Exchange | user_8029

The United States has had multiple mints for making coinage. The ones that are open today are Philadelphia, San Francisco, Denver and West Point. In this article, however, I will focus on the ones that are not open, Charlotte, Dahlonega, New Orleans and Carson City.

The Charlotte Mint was opened in 1835. Its mintmark is C. It specialized in minting gold coinage from the Carolina Gold Rush. This allowed the Mint to get gold easily from the miners. When North Carolina seceded from the Union, the Confederacy turned the Mint into a hospital for wounded soldiers. It became an assay office once the war was over and then a Red Cross building. A request for remaking it into a mint was denied. It was then demolished to make room for a post office. It was rebuilt later into a museum of numismatics. The coinage minted at the Charlotte mint is often scarce or rare.

The Dahlonega mint was in Georgia. Its mintmark is D, like the Denver Mint mintmark. It opened for miners to help them get their gold stamped and made into legal tender so they did not have to go to Philadelphia to do this. It opened in 1835, like the Charlotte mint. It struggled because it was in a remote area, and the gold supply was diminishing. The civil war closed it down for good. The coinage, which is only gold, is now ranging from scarce to rare.

The New Orleans mint opened in 1838. It produced gold and silver coins of most denominations. Its mintmark was O. It closed for the civil war and reopened in 1879 as a mint, assay office, Coast Guard storage facility and a fallout shelter. It eventually closed for good in 1909.

The Carson City mint opened in 1870 because gold was found nearby in 1863. Its mintmark is CC, making it the only US two letter mintmark. It minted gold and silver, primarily gold, though. It was constructed conveniently by a large silver mine. It closed in 1885 and resumed in 1889. It closed for good in 1893. It closed because the precious metal boom died down.

The United States has had many Mints, but not all survived to today. They closed down for various reasons, mainly because of the Civil War or the gold/silver boom in the area fading, or a combination of the two factors. The Mints, surviving or not, have all contributed to the legacy of US coinage.

Bibliography

www.wikipedia.com

www.goldrushgallery.com

www.pcgs.com

Comments

user_98308

Level 2

What about the other mint branches? The Dalles and Manila

Mike

Level 7

Thanks for sharing. T h e way things are going don't be surprised if another one closes in future years.

Pliny The Elder

Level 5

Great information and blog. I did not know some of this, thanks!

Kepi

Level 6

Great blog! Thanks for sharing!

user_7180

Level 5

Thanks for the history lesson. Keep up the learning!

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