The United States mints in this blog post all have some things in common. They were located close to a natural resource that they could use to make coins. For example, in Dahlonega, New Orleans, and Charlotte there was a gold rush and so a US mint was needed there. All the mints in this blog post have never worked or are no longer working.
The Charlotte Mint
When gold was discovered in North Carolina lots of people went to look for gold, and the Charlotte Mint was founded in 1835 because the nearest place to send the gold powder to get melted and made into coins was Philadelphia, but the way was very dangerous and the gold could get lost on the way. The Charlotte mint mark was a "C". The Charlotte Mint was operational between 1849 to 1859.
The Dahlonega Mint
In 1838 to 1861 there was a mint in Dahlonega, Georgia because of the Georgia gold rush. The gold had to be transported to the Philadelphia Mint to be made into coins, so the United States founded the Dahlonega mint in 1835. During the Civil War, the Dahlonega Mint got seized by the Confederate States in 1861. In 1878 the mint burned down. All coins from the Dahlonega Mint have the "D" mint mark and are gold.
The denominations of the coins minted there are $1, $2.50, $3 and $5 and have the date range from 1838-1861. The Dahlonega mint mark is the same as the Denver mint mark, but since the Dahlonega minted gold and is no longer working there is no confusion from where it was minted. The Dahlonega Mint was operational between 1838 to 1861.
The New Orleans Mint
The New Orleans Mint is in a great spot along the Mississippi River which made it important for commercial uses around the Mississippi River. It is also near to gold discovered in Alabama which allowed for easy transportation. The New Orleans mint mark is an "O". The New Orleans Mint was operational between 1838 to 1861 and 1879 to 1909.
The Dalles Oregon Proposed Mint
In 1864, there was going to be a United States mint in Dalles Oregon, though it was partially constructed, it was never finished and never became a US Mint. The reason there was going to be a mint there was because in 1860 gold was discovered in Idaho and in Eastern Oregon, even though the Civil War was going on, lots people went to look for gold. The closet place to send the gold was San Francisco, but it was dangerous getting there. As the demand for a mint grew, in 1862, the Oregon senate tried to pass a bill to make a mint in Portland, Oregon, but the bill was unsuccessful. On July 4, 1864 congress passed a bill to make a mint in Dalles for minting gold and silver. The next year a bill was unsuccessfully attempted to move the mint location to Portland, Oregon. The project of the mint was repeatedly delayed and as the gold rush slowed down, they decided not to finish the mint. The basement and first floor were complete in 1869.
The Carson City Mint
The Carson City Mint mainly minted silver coins, but it also minted gold coins. There was a silver discovery 1859 in Comstock Lode Nevada. The Carson City Mint was built to facilitate the silver from Comstock Lode. The Carson City Mint was established by Congress in 1863. The mint building was completed in 1869. In 1870, six years after Nevada became a state, there was a mint there. The first coins ever minted there were Seated Liberty Dollars. In 1873, the most coins were minted there because the mint was helping celebrate the 100th birthday of the United States. The Carson City mint mark is "CC". The Carson City Mint was operational between 1870 to 1893.