The World's Fair: Columbian Exposition
The Columbian Exposition started on May 1, 1893 in Chicago, Illinois. It was called several names including World's Columbian Exposition, World's Fair: Columbian Exposition, and Chicago World's Fair. It was held on a plot of 690 acres. 25.8 million people went to the Columbian exposition. The entire US population in 1893 was 62,979,766 so about 1/3 of the number of people of the US went to World's Fair: Columbian Exposition.
The very first Ferris Wheel was at the Columbian Exposition. It was built by George Washington Gale Ferris Junior as the centerpiece of the midway at the Columbian Exposition. It held 36 cars and each car held 60 people. One of the cars held a band that played music when the wheel was going.
There are some things that remind us of the Columbian Exposition. There is a star on the Illinois flag to commemorate the Columbian Exposition. Elongated coins were first made at the Columbian Exposition. There were over 24 elongated coin designs at the Exposition. There were also two commemorative coins that commemorate the Exposition. The two coins are highlighted below:
The Columbian Exposition Half Dollar
The Columbian Exposition Commemorative Half Dollar was first minted in 1892. It was minted because the construction crew that was building the exposition asked for the United States treasury to provide five million dollars. The treasury would only provide 2.5 million dollars, then a person had a brilliant idea. His idea was to ask the treasury if it could mint 5 million half dollars and then the Columbian Exposition could sell them for $1 each. Over 3 million were not sold so they got melted or put into circulation. The Remington Typewriter Company bought the first one minted for $10,000 as a public stunt.
The obverse was designed by Charles E. Barber. It depicts a bust of Columbus that faces right.
The reverse was designed by George T. Morgan. It depicts the ship "Santa Maria" sailing west. Two hemispheres appear below the Santa Maria. The two hemispheres are in between the date 1492 with 14 on one side of the hemispheres and 92 on the other end.
The Isabella Quarter
The Isabella Quarter was first minted in 1893 to commemorate Isabella, Queen of Spain, who helped Columbus. She helped Columbus with financing the travel of his voyages.The quarter was also made to raise funds for the Board of Lady Manager's projects at the Columbian Exposition. The maximum number authorized was 40,000 coins and they sold for $1 each. 16,000 coins were returned to the mint to be melted. It was the very first US coin that depicted a real woman. This was also the first US coin that had a foreign ruler on it. The obverse was designed by Charles E. Barber. It depicts a bust of Queen Isabella of Spain. The date is located in the field to the right behind Queen Isabella's head. The reverse was designed by George T. Morgan. It depicts a kneeling woman holding a staff in her hand.
Happy coin collecting.
Here are the sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World's_Columbian_Exposition https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferris_Wheel_(1893) https://www.money.org/commemorative-coins