coinfodder's Blog

03 Feb 2021

The Fifty States of Coinage- Part 20- Maryland

Coins-United States | coinfodder

We head from the land of lobster to the land of crab, in many forms, including live, and fried in delicious cake form. Welcome to the state of Maryland, everyone...

Maryland was first inhabited by Europeans the 1st Lord Baltimore, who sought a royal charter from English King Charles I, but died in April 1632. The charter was left to his son, Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, who arrived with the first settlers in 1634, who named the colony in honor of the wife of Charles I. The state was founded to provide a haven for the English Catholics, but when some of the Puritan population left Virginia and started their own city (Annapolis), their was a scuffle, with led to years of tension, followed by years of order, then tension again. After Catholic King James II was deposed in favor of William III of Orange, the colony banned Catholicism for good. When Pennsylvania came around, their was many disputes about the border, until in 1760, the Mason-Dixon line was drawn, and a right-angle-ish border for Maryland and Delaware. After the American Revolution, the nation decided that the third, and new capital of the United states would be shared between Maryland and neighboring Virginia to the South. Later, during the War of 1812, in 1814, high off their victory in Washington DC, the British attempted to capture the city of Baltimore, but Fort McHenry held out, and Francis Scott Key, on a prison ship, wrote the Stared-Spangled banner. During the Civil War, the state served as a border state, with slaves and regiments serving Union and Confederates. The war came to a head in the Battle of Antietam in 1862, still the bloodiest day in American War history, and the Battle of Monocacy in 1864, in which General A.P. Hill nearly captured the city of Washington, D.C. The state soon grew rapidly after the war. In 1904, Baltimore burned to the ground. During WWII, the state began to produce steel, in the Fairfield Yard, which produced Liberty Ships, cargo ships which helped during the invasion of the Philippines. In the 1950's, the state began to embrace the Atlantic culture and began to drop the culture that Virginia had extended into the state.

Today, Maryland is a mix of an agricultural and industrial state. The state relies on the Chesapeake Bay for tourism and food. Famous citizens include Fredrick Douglass, Spiro T. Agnew, Harriet Tubman, Thurgood Marshall, Billie Holiday, Frank Zappa, and Cal Ripken Jr. and Sr.

For the 20th Time, first to mind for coin collectors is the 50 state and ATB Quarters. The 50-state quarter is a coin, with the words "The Old-Line State" and the Capitol Dome on in, flanked by two tree branches. On the ATB quarters, is Fort McHenry. On it is the front of the fort, with the 15-star and 15-stripes flag flying overhead, with fireworks or rockets from the British Fleet overhead. They were released in 2000, and 2013, respectively.

For commemorative fans, there is the Maryland Tercentenary Half Dollar, issued in 1934, and designed by Hans Schuler. On the front is the 2nd Lord of Baltimore, Cecil Calvert, and on the reverse is the state seal of Maryland. Issued by the Maryland Tercentenary Commission of Baltimore, this coin had a rare Matte-proof variety that sold for $109,250 in March 2012.

For fans of the more recent commemoratives, are the duo of coins celebrating the 200th anniversary of the Star-Spangled banner, released in 2012. The silver coin features Liberty, waving the 15-star flag that flew at Ft. McHenry on September 7th, 1814. The reverse features a waving modern US Flag.

On the other hand, the gold coin features two British fleet ships, one a prison ship (presumed to be Francis Scott Key's), and a British warship, firing another wasted salvo at the fort, which would survive in the end. On the reverse, is the first five words of the Star-Spangled Banner, in Key's original handwriting, with fifteen stripes and fifteen stars surrounding it.

Thank you for traveling on our road trip of the US. We are 40% completed! Amazing!

Some fun stuff before you leave- guess the song-

He was a punk

And he lived in the big city

It was in Vienna, it was Vienna

Where he did everything

He was in debt because he drank

But all women loved him

And everyone called ...

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Level 5

Great blog ! I enjoyed reading about this state. I also have passed through it many times. Keep up the good work.


Level 5

Youngest son lives there, too much snow for me, nice place in the summer though. Nice blog!

I. R. Bama

Level 5

Thanks for an interesting blog


Level 6

Great blog! Sounds like a cool place ; )


Level 5

Nice blog!

Long Beard

Level 5

One of five border state for me, and have been there many times over as many years. Oakland just this past weekend. Went to Fort McHenry in 2013 where I picked up the official medal.

It's Mokie

Level 6

I have always loved Maryland, definitely one of my favorite States. Thanks for sharing its modern numismatic legacy.


Level 5

Very nice place, I hope to visit sometime. Thanks for sharing!


Level 5

I love this blog series! It always leaves me feeling totally numismatically energized. Thanks!

walking liberty

Level 4

Maryland from what i heard is a good place!


Level 7

I love Baltimore. Thanks for a real good blog. Your doing great I enjoyed it very much. I will read it again.


Level 5

Maryland ! I am only 70 miles from Baltimore. Really nice state. Only 40 % ! 60 % to go. Need one of those 1934 Maryland half dollars. Thanks

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